We all hear Koreans say ‘ida’ a lot’ We also hear a lot of ‘heyo’s’. Also, how to speak politely?
Today, Nahyun and Joop dive into the grammar behind these questions, in a special, extra long episode. Enjoy the show!
PART I: MID POLITE: When to use IDA, OYO, AYO and HEYO
1: 어요 – apply whenㅓ and ㅜ in the stam
주다 (To give) -> 주 + -어요 -> (주어요) -> 줘요
먹다 (to eat) -> 먹 + -어요 -> 먹어요
읽다 (to read) -> 읽 + -어요 -> 읽어요
2: 아요 – apply when ㅏ and ㅗ in the stam
작다 (small) -> 작 + -아요 -> 작아요
오다 (come) -> 오 + -아요 -> (오아요) → 와요
3: 해요 Easy one: Everything with 하다 … -use 여요 instead of -아요
일하다 (work) -> 일해요
공부하다 (study) -> 공부해요
착하다 (kind) -> 착해요
PART 2: High polite; When to use SEYO
If the stem ends without a patch’im, use -세요;
If the stem ends with a patch’im, use -으세요.
가다 (go) -> 가 + 세요 -> 가세요
웃다 to laugh -> 웃 + 으세요 -> 웃으세요
안녕하다 (hello) -> 안녕하 + 세요 -> 안녕하세요
괜찮다 (are you ok?) -> 괜찮 + 으세요 -> 괜찮으세요